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Interval likelihood ratios of urinalysis results can help predict UTI more accurately in kids


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Journal
Pediatrics
Reuters Health - 04/12/2020 - Interval likelihood ratios of urinalysis components can help predict the probability of a true urinary tract infection (UTI) in young children, new research suggests. "Our findings can help clinicians use the levels of inflammation or bacteria of each urinalysis component to more accurately predict a positive urine culture in young children," first author Dr. Tian Liang of NYC Health + Hospitals/Kings County, in Brooklyn, told Reuters Health by email. "More accurately diagnosing UTIs can improve appropriate antibiotic use, and potentially lead to decreased medication side effects, antibiotic resistance, and ultimately healthcare costs," he added. "Although urinalysis components often contain multiple result values (negative, trace, 1+, 2+, 3+), their likelihood ratios in predicting UTI were historically calculated as dichotomized variables, only indicating the presence or absence of each component," Dr. Liang and colleagues expla...


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